China has passed the Hong Kong security law and President Xi Jimping has already signed it. This has deepened fears that the law will enter into force on July 1st.
Many have described this Chinese national security legislation as controversial. Although Beijing claims that legislation is needed to combat separatism and foreign interference, critics say it will ban dissent and destroy the autonomy that was promised when the territory was returned to China in 1997.
The details of the law, released in response to the often violent protests against democracy in the city last year, were released on Tuesday.
The law is waiting to enter into force in Hong Kong on July 1, the anniversary of the former British territory’s return to Chinese rule. This implies that it will circumvent the legislation of the semi-autonomous territory.
The signed law has raised concerns worldwide. Many nations around the world have responded to the law.
One of the countries is Japan. Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi said it was unfortunate that the national security law was passed despite strong concerns from international society and the people of Hong Kong. He added that this would undermine confidence in the principle of one country, two systems.
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said that they want to examine the law very carefully to understand whether it contradicts the UK-China joint declaration. Britain will determine its response in due course.
According to the Secretary of State, Dominic Raab said on Twitter that China had decided to break its promises to the Hong Kong people and violate its commitments to the international community, and Britain would not turn its back on the people of Hong Kong. He added that Britain raised the issue at the UN Human Rights Council.
The US, House of Representatives speaker, Nancy Pelosi also responded to the law, declaring that the purpose of this brutal, comprehensive law is to scare, intimidate, and oppress Hong Kongers who peacefully demand the promised freedoms.
She added that she will continue to urge US president to get the Chinese officials held responsible for their abuses, including in Hong Kong, by imposing sanctions under the 2016 Magnitsky Law and taking steps under the Hong Kong Law on Human Rights and Democracy.
Nancy added that the US must take into account all available tools, including visa restrictions and economic sanctions.
European Council President Charles Michel said the law could seriously undermine the high level of autonomy in Hong Kong and adversely affect judicial independence and the rule of law.
Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam said the law aims at an entire small minority of people who have broken the law while protecting the lives and property, fundamental rights, and freedoms of the vast majority of Hong Kong residents.
There have been conflicts between china and Hong Kong due to cultural and economic differences. These differences between Hong Kong people and those of mainland china is what sparked the controversial law as what many experts are saying.
Lena Wood graduated from John Carroll University in the year 2002. She born and grown up in Dallas but later she moved to Cleveland for Studying. Lena has written for several major publications including Community Newspapers and News Desk. Lena is a community Reporter and also Covers National Topics.