According to studies in the United States and the United Kingdom, more versions of COVID-19 are circulating in humans, based on evidence showing that the virus is mutating.
There has been no vaccine or approved treatment for the original virus since it broke out in Wuhan, capital of Hubei province in China. With such insights, it is now a turnaround on how the spread of the virus is controlled and how effective will the various vaccines that are currently being clinically tested be.
It will continue to be concerned which of these mutations will change the severity of the infectivity of the diseases. If a virus becomes dominant, it could make the disease even more contagious or deadly.
Many of the Covid-19 vaccines currently under development target the characteristic tips of the virus. The idea is that your body recognizes a unique element of the tip to ward off the entire virus. If this peak changes, a vaccine developed in this way could become less effective.
At the moment, it’s all theoretical. Scientists do not yet have enough information to say what changes in the genome of the virus will mean.
Viruses usually mutate even before the research that leading to the conclusion.
Although the results are still to be published and reviewed internationally, there is a high possibility that the virus currently in humans is not the same version that was observed in Wuhan a few months ago.
The conclusion was also an in-depth process that has been followed since the outbreak of this virus. Researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico have been tracking COVID-19. Through close monitoring, they discovered changes at the top of the virus that gives it its distinctive shape.
It has been found that this particular mutation appears to have something that makes it grow faster, although the consequences of the results are not yet clear.
The research team analyzed data from coronavirus patients in Sheffield. Although they found that people with this particular mutation of the virus appeared to have a larger amount of the virus in their samples, they found no evidence that these people got sick or stayed in the hospital longer.
Elsewhere, 198 recurrent mutations in the virus were discovered in a study at the University of College London (UCL).
Professor François Balloux, one of the authors, said mutations are not bad and nothing shows that COVID-19 mutates faster or slower than expected.
He added that it was not enough and so far we cannot conclude whether COVID-19 will be more or less deadly and contagious.
Another study at the University of Glasgow, which also looked at mutations in COVID-19, found that changes did not result in different virus strains. They concluded that only one type of virus is currently in circulation.
Monitoring small changes in the structure of the virus is important to understand the development of vaccines. Many viruses, such as the flu virus, mutate so quickly that the vaccine has to be adjusted every year to achieve its intended purpose.
Wayne Sims is the Lead Editor for Chroniclex with 12 years of experience. Wayne has been working for Many Large Online Publications for nearly a decade and has published his articles in many prints and digital publications including Erieview Newsstand, Bond Court News and Private Entertainment. When Wayne is not busy writing She likes stitching.